Industrialization was an era marked by the increase in the number of industries in many countries. The use of coal and oil for energy production, to run the machines, contributed to the growth in production. The Economic development came with the adverse side effect, with controversies arising over economic growth and an increase in pollution. Populations were able to improve their standards of living, but this development led to economic degradation worldwide.
The release of effluents and pollutants in water led to water pollution while the release of gas emissions from industries led to air pollution. This is because many industries regarded using natural ways as the most efficient method to release waste. Environmental problems and environmental pollution around the world were tackled when governments come up with environmental policies and regulations that addressed all medias of the environment. Environmental pollution is a problem faced around the world with the main issues of concern being solid waste management, water pollution, loss of biodiversity and air pollution.
Air pollution continues to be a concern to nations around the world which has led to the formation of air quality policies and protocols that they have to abide in to protect their resources. The increase in the number of automobiles and factories in the world has been the primary sources of air emissions in the world. The control of point sources from industries will ensure that air pollution is monitored from the source.
The increase in public environmental consciousness has led to companies undertaking voluntary reduction of pollution and the increase in enforcement of regulations. Environmental agencies, at the national level or local level, have the responsibility of monitoring the activities of industries and its citizens and ensuring that the standard of compliance increases nationally. Policies such as air quality regulation and Kyoto protocol are to be enforced by environmental agencies. The increase of Chlorofluorocarbons, methane gas, sulphur oxide, carbon (IV) oxide and nitrogen oxide in the air has led to the earth warming up, climate change, and loss of biodiversity
Greenhouses gases are vital in maintaining the temperature of earth’s atmosphere since they absorb heat and retain it to keep the planet warm. However, the greenhouse effect is caused by the increase in these gases in the atmosphere, therefore, absorbing more heat than necessary which is later known as the global warming phenomena. Climate change is has been attributed to the shift in the world’s temperatures due to the increase of carbon (IV) oxide and greenhouse gases in the air. This has been proven through research studies that have shown a positive correlation between the increase in CO2 and the increase in global temperatures. Climate change has significantly affected the Canadian Arctic region with records showing a decrease in the area covered by ice and the biodiversity in the area. This continuous reduction in Arctic has and still continues to affect people and communities that depend on Arctic. The effects of air pollution in the region has also affected the wildlife having in the area such as the polar bears; which depend greatly on the cold Arctic temperatures to survive still affecting wildlife in the area.
The government of Canada has exercised its sovereignty in the North by formulating the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act which aims at protecting the Arctic environment and ensuring that pollution is reduced. Additionally, international efforts from Arctic Council and United Nations aim at reducing the air pollutants, either from industries or agricultural sector, with the objective of addressing climate change and the health of the community people living in the area. The control of shipping and transporting activities at the area is also done with the aim of ensuring that there is a reduction in persistent organic pollutants. To control air pollution in the world nations have agreed to sign conventions such as Kyoto Protocol that targets the reduction of pollutants from industries in first and third world countries. This article, therefore, answers the research question: how has air pollution affected the Canadian Arctic region then and compare the situation with after environmental laws have been put in place.
Warming of the earth temperatures has resulted to the melting of glaciers and ice caps in Arctic region. The occurrence has led to the increase in sea levels, therefore, increasing the risk and vulnerability of those living in coastal areas from being affected by floods encounters while also increasing the frequency of extreme weather phenomena such as tornados and hurricanes. Canada has been playing a prominent role in increasing the percentage of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere through its production activities such as the boost in consumption from electricity and heat production. The growth in population has lead to the increasing in demand rate which has contributed to economic development. However, with the population growth comes with it the burden of waste generation after the end products are consumed.
The Daily, 2008 report shows an increase in Canada’s temperature, from 1948 to 2009 which is attributed to the increase in emissions, therefore, affecting the weather pattern of the country. The temperatures have risen with a mean of 1.40c over the years. The change in temperature has resulted in the shift in precipitation; with snow cover decreasing with an average of 34% in the period of thirty years. This has led to the reduction in glacier cover with an average of five million kilometers squares said to have melted away, therefore, pushing the ice cover further north.